Thematic Approach of Teaching in Early Childhood Care and Education

“Education is not to reform students or amuse them or to make them expert technicians. It is to unsettle their minds, widen their horizons, inflame their intellects, and teach them to think straight, if possible.” – Robert M. Hutchins

Generally, the cognitive growth and development of children are extremely significant just like teaching them all the priceless lessons. Therefore, usually as a teacher, you have the scopes of conducting different plans by practicing numerous activities that will strengthen your teaching expertise in a much better way.

Now, there are a number of activities that can be followed up to ignite the creative talent among your students and this is the core content of any upgraded post graduate diploma in early childhood care and education course. Maybe you can just start your class by just drawing a smiling face on the blackboard during the beginning hours.


Usually, the thematic instruction of teaching includes an intact grade level of students. In this technique, all the teachers who are teaching in that specific grade, work jointly as a team to design the program of study, teaching techniques, as well as an evaluation around a preselected subject matter. Basically, this technique is the choosing and highlighting of a theme through an instructional unit or module with multiple courses.

  • It is the synchronization of a course curriculum
  • This method integrates basic disciplines
  • This method seeks to put the teaching of cognitive skills
  • This method is comprehensive and effective
  • This method is common in preschool classes especially in early childhood care and education
  • This method is based on the thought that students best gain knowledge when they learn in the framework of an inclusive “whole”


Selecting a theme: The selection of themes should be the subjects of interest to the teacher/s as the successful thematic instruction frequently requires all the further research and groundwork. The themes should also be the interest to students and related to the curriculum though in some situations, students can decide the thematic topic.

Planning the Included Syllabus: The teachers should develop the learning aims of their core curriculum. These themed elements add in reading, math, science and social studies, as well as the arts for a stable curriculum.

The Research: This usually involves the basic research work as the thematic instruction needs extensive knowledge and research by the teacher. The significant fact is that thematic lessons can fail to demand higher-level thinking from students without a broad knowledge base on which to plan related activities and lessons.

Vital Question Related to the Theme: Essential questions generally focus a thematic investigation by helping the teacher to choose the most important information and concepts relative to the theme with a focus on planning efforts. Strategies can be individual or helpful.


Here are some of the major advantages of thematic learning:

  • Your students will learn better by experiencing knowledge in a larger background
  • Your students will see different relationships and connections
  • It contains all the up to date and student-centred interests and outlooks of the students
  • It aligns with current popular and standards pedagogies
  • It encourages authentic communication
  • It helps your learners by building effectual peer learning groups
  • The teacher becomes the catalyst
  • It helps children to make sense of what they are being taught
  • Students will be able to retain more information
  • This method relates to real-world experiences
  • This method also helps teachers teach to the different learning methods
  • Thinking along with the problem-solving skills, surveillance, critical reasoning, analysis, and drawing conclusions are key skills in thematic learning.

The thematic approach of education believes in the fact that students learn their best when they connect with new information holistically with the entire set of courses with their own lives, experiences, and communities.

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